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In 2011 I co-founded a project with the aim of understanding network interference, including internet censorship. The Open Observatory of Network Interference (, known as OONI, was born and I have since been leading its development.

OONI is a free software project that enables anyone around the world to test their network and to collect data examining various forms of internet censorship, including the following:

  • Blocking of websites;
  • Blocking of the Tor network;
  • Blocking of instant messaging apps;
  • Presence of “middle boxes” that could be responsible for censorship and/or surveillance.

Hundreds of users around the world run ooniprobe daily and millions of network measurements have been collected (and published) from more than 100 countries.

OONI has a large community of volunteers who contribute to the project through software development, deployment, and advocacy around the world.

One of OONI’s research papers can be found here.


In 2012 I co-founded the Hermes Centre for Digital Human Rights and have since served as its Vice President.

GlobaLeaks, a core project under the Hermes Centre, is the first open source whistleblowing platform that enables groups and individuals to report on corruption, human rights violations, and other injustices in a secure way.

I worked as the core developer of GlobaLeaks for several years and helped it reach large audiences worldwide.


Radio 3 Scienza

Conductor in a radio show talking about cyberspace.